Editor's Note
Can I Have Another One? Series Books for Middle Grade Readers

It is a sad, but well-known fact that we begin to lose readers in the middle grades. Why? By fourth or fifth grade, the demands across the school curriculum expand exponentially with far more required reading in science and social studies, in particular. More challenging content vocabulary and longer literary works require more reading expertise, too. Add to that the extra-curricular activities that begin to become more prominent—like competitive sports, learning a musical instrument, etc. Plus young people have more leisure activity options like video games, scouting, etc. Put that all together and you begin to see why reading may take a back seat for many young people. How do we keep their reading momentum going? By offering them choices, of course.

Savvy librarians, teachers, parents, and grandparents already know the secret to growing readers: give kids the books they want, not the books we think they need. And for some young people, this may mean choices that we wouldn't normally consider; nonfiction over novels, audiobooks over print books, graphic novels instead of traditional novels. And many, many readers enjoy series books featuring favorite characters in adventure after adventure in shorter, readable formats.

Series books for young people have been popular for over 100 years, and the continuing appeal to young audiences of today is undeniable. Whether it's the long-running Nancy Drew, Hardy Boys, Encyclopedia Brown, or Boxcar Children series, young readers enjoy the familiarity of reading about the same characters in each story. Series books meet an important need for the developing reader. They may be somewhat predictable, but they provide a structure and instant context that help build reading fluency. Much like adults' enjoyment of soap operas or binge-watching favorite television programs, young readers find the series books satisfying, if formulaic. Ross (2011) found that "Despite the concerns educators, librarians, and parents voice over children's active and abiding interest in what adults consider junk food for the mind, series books commonly provide the newly literate with compelling stories and fast-paced reading experience that enable them to become fluent readers. In fact, many well-known authors admit that they were avid readers of series books as children."

Series books have enormous appeal, even if they may never win any literary awards for writing. And for adults who are worried that young readers who consume quantities of series books won't read more literary works, Greenlee, Monson, and Taylor (1996) found that "Students like both kinds of books, and that reading series books does not interfere with their appreciation for literature of higher quality." In fact, series books can even have social-emotional benefits. In her study of young readers in Singapore, Sally Ann Jones (2015) found that "children's voluntary reading of series books served the dual purposes of enabling their membership of the peer group through culturated reading and the independent development of their reading skills and motivation for reading." Not only did students improve their reading skills by reading widely in series books, but they became part of a social group through their common reading.

Over time, various literary characters have become so popular that the authors who created them have continued their stories in additional novels. These literary sequels or "series" can be very satisfying reading, too. Check out the continuing adventures of these timeless characters created by Newbery medal and honor authors:

  • Alice (by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor)
  • Anastasia (by Lois Lowry)
  • Brian (by Gary Paulsen)
  • Cammy (by Virginia Hamilton)
  • Joey Pigza (by Jack Gantos)
  • Pacy Lin (by Grace Lin)
  • Ramona Quimby (by Beverly Cleary)
  • Shabanu (by Suzanne Fisher Staples)
  • Teddy and Bobby (by Laurence Yep)

Studies of children's preferences reveal their penchant for stories about friends and friendship and most series books definitely fit that bill. Situations are often familiar and children can relate to them. They live vicariously through the characters as they deal with the pressures of growing up. These series books are particularly popular with children moving from reading picture books to novels:

  • Amber Brown (Paula Danziger)
  • Bink & Gollie (Kate DiCamillo)
  • Calvin Coconut (Graham Salisbury)
  • Captain Underpants (Dav Pilkey)
  • Charlie Joe Jackson (Tommy Greenwald)
  • Clarice Bean (Lauren Child)
  • Clementine (Sara Pennypacker)
  • Creature from My Closet (Obert Skye)
  • Diary of a Wimpy Kid (Jeff Kinney)
  • Dork Diaries (Rachel Renée Russell)
  • Hank Zipzer (Henry Winkler)
  • Ivy and Bean (Annie Barrows)
  • Judy Moody and Stink (Megan McDonald)
  • Junie B. Jones (Barbara Park)
  • Justin Case (Rachel Vail)
  • Marvin Redpost (Louis Sachar)
  • Millicent Min (Lisa Yee)
  • My Life (Janet Tashjian)
  • Ruby Lu and Alvin Ho (Lenore Look)
  • Sam and Gooney Bird (Lois Lowry)

Plus, Cyndi Giorgis offers these additional titles in her list of "Kid's Favorite Series Books" from her recent revision of Jim Trelease's Read-Aloud Handbook:

  • Big Nate (Lincoln Peirce)
  • Jasmine Toguchi (Debbi Michiko Florence)
  • Mac B, Kid Spy (Mac Barnett)

Finally, favorite classic series books are also now appearing in graphic novel format, such as the enormously popular Babysitter's Club, now a graphic novel series. And of course there are many memorable characters whose adventures are serialized in their own original graphic novel series, such as the Lunch Lady series by Jarrett Krosoczka. And for readers who prefer fantasy or historical fiction, there are many beloved series books to recommend in these genres as well. Whatever their interests, encourage young readers to give series books a chance and then don't judge them when they do. We all love it when a book is engaging, fast-moving, and satisfying.


Giorgis, Cyndi, ed. Jim Trelease's Read-Aloud Handbook 8th Edition. Penguin Books, 2019.

Greenlee, Adele A., Dianne L. Monson and Barbara M. Taylor. "The Lure of Series Books: Does It Affect Appreciation for Recommended Literature?" The Reading Teacher 50, no. 3 (1996): 216-225.

Jones, Sally Ann. "Children Reading Series Books: Ways into Peer Culture and Reading Development." Studies in Culture and Education 22, no. 3 (2015).

Ross, Catherine Sheldrick. "Dime Novels and Series Books." In The Handbook of Research on Children's and Young Adult Literature edited by Shelby Wolf, Karen Coats, Patricia A. Enciso, and Christine Jenkins. Routledge, 2011.


Brown Bag Book Reports

The brown bag book report is an idea I gleaned from a teacher, and I mentioned it in Chapter One in conjunction with Pat Mora's picture book Tomás and the Library Lady (Knopf, 1997). I have used it with many groups of all ages and found it to be very appealing and successful. It is simple, inexpensive, and extremely low-tech, and helps readers build their oral skills and confidence while you assess their comprehension. To top it off, it motivates other children to want to read the book being reported about by others. It is a strategy generally used with fiction and is particularly effective for summarizing novels. Here are the steps for you and for children:

  1. Read a book (preferably one you have chosen yourself).
  2. Think about the book, the characters, and the main events.
  3. Gather objects or "book artifacts" that relate to the story, character, and main events. You can draw a picture of the item and color it or find an image online and print the page, if you can't find the actual item. (Discourage children from buying the items. No need to spend money for this project.)
  4. Gather the book and all the book artifacts in a bag. (If you want to get fancy, decorate the bag so it fits the book.)
  5. Orally retell the book using the items in the bag, pulling out each book artifact, one at a time, as it is relevant to that part of the story.
  6. Should you reveal the ending? Decide beforehand if you will leave the audience hanging, eager to read the book themselves!

Here's a sample "Brown Bag" book report for one of my all-time favorite dog stories, Shiloh by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor (Atheneum, 1991).

Shiloh is a Newbery award–winning novel about an 11-year-old boy named Marty Preston who lives in West Virginia (show bag decorated with rural scene). One day he finds a dog (show beagle puppet) that seems to be very neglected. He falls in love with the dog, names it "Shiloh" after the bridge where he finds it, and decides it must belong to cruel Judd Travers. Judd is so mean, he hunts deer out of season (show hunting magazine) and neglects his dogs so they'll be meaner. Marty can't stand this, so he decides to hide Shiloh from Judd and from his family. This sets up some serious deception, however, that makes Marty very uncomfortable. His mom becomes suspicious and reminds him of the time Marty ate his sister's chocolate bunny (show chocolate bunny) and then lied about it. Marty even begs for old, expired groceries (show fake food and empty sour cream container) at the local market, arousing sympathy for his family. He keeps his younger sisters away from Shiloh's hidden pen by reminding them there are snakes (show rubber snakes) up on the hill. It all comes to a crisis point, however, when Shiloh is attacked by a vicious neighbor dog and has to be taken to the vet, and everyone finds out what Marty has been up to (show chain dog collar). Does Marty get to keep Shiloh? Does Shiloh go back to live with Judd? You'll have to read the book to find out!

Other more informal approaches to guiding children's responses to their reading include using thoughtful questioning and discussion, conducting follow-up research, and encouraging creative extensions.

From Sylvia Vardell's Children's Literature in Action: A Librarian's Guide, third edition. For more information visit Libraries Unlimited. You can also find professional learning activities, handouts, and related Web resources on the book's companion website at https://books.librariesunlimited.com/childrens-literature-in-action/.

About the Editor

Sylvia Vardell is Professor in the School of Library and Information Studies at Texas Woman's University and teaches courses in literature for children and young adults. She has authored or co-authored more than 100 published articles, more than 25 book chapters and given more than 150 presentations at national and international conferences. She is the author of Children's Literature in Action: A Librarian's Guide, Poetry Aloud Here!, The Poetry Teacher's Book of Lists, Poetry People, co-edits The Poetry Friday Anthology series (with Janet Wong) and maintains the PoetryForChildren blog and poetry column for ALA's Book Links magazine.

MLA Citation Vardell, Sylvia M. "Can I Have Another One? Series Books for Middle Grade Readers." School Library Connection, March 2020, schoollibraryconnection.com/Home/Display/2242185.

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